Unix System Formatting Tools –

 Formating Tools

Table 7. Formating Tools

Tool Requirements Description
e2fsck Included in tomsrtbt-1.6.335 Checks an ext2 filesystem for errors
format Included with Windows 95 and Windows 98 Creates a vfat filesystem on a chosen partition
mke2fs Included in tomsrtbt-1.6.335 Creates an ext2 filesystem on a chosen partition.
mkswap Included in tomsrtbt-1.6.335 Creates a swap filesystem on a chosen partition.

Restore grup boot loader after installing windows 7 and 8

Boot-Repair is a simple tool to repair frequent boot issues you may encounter in Ubuntu like when you can’t boot Ubuntu after installing Windows or another Linux distribution, or when you can’t boot Windows after installing Ubuntu, or when GRUB is not displayed anymore, some upgrade breaks GRUB, etc.

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Remark: this can also be performed from a live-CD or live-USB.

Either add ‘ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair’ to your Software Sources via the Software Centre or, for speeds-sake, add it using a new Terminal session:

Boot-Repair can be installed & used from any Ubuntu session (normal session, or live-CD, or live-USB). PPA packages are available for Ubuntu 10.04, 10.10, 11.04, 11.10, 12.04 and 12.10.